Daniel 9:1-2… 1 In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of Median descent, who was made king over the kingdom of the Chaldeans— 2 in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, observed in the books the number of the years which was revealed as the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet for the completion of the desolations of Jerusalem, namely, seventy years.
Daniel was studying his Bible reading in Jeremiah 25:11-12,29:10; Isaiah 44:28 and found that the captivity of Israel would end in 70 years by the hand of a man named Cyrus. Daniel 2:36-39 tells of the interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream that the Babylonian empire would be replaced by another empire. Then years later, Daniel interpreted the handwriting on the wall for Belshazzar, the final Babylonian king as; “the Babylonian kingdom will be replaced by the Medes and Persians and “30 That same night Belshazzar…was slain“”, in 539 BC. [Daniel 5:28-30]
Daniel had been in captivity in Babylon and God had caused him to be elevated to the highest rank as an advisor to the King. Now almost 70 years had passed and he realized that the prophecy of God through Jeremiah and Isaiah was about to be fulfilled. The Medes and Persians were in power in Babylon and Daniel knew the Cyrus, Isaiah said would release the captives. A
Can you imagine the thankfulness of Daniel as he read the scripture and thought of his experiences in Babylon? God’s prophecy was being fulfilled and the Israelites would be given an opportunity to go home to Jerusalem. That is what he prayed for.
Have you reviewed the major events in your life and been thankful as you realized the hand of God in your life? Do you ask the Holy Spirit to reveal to you what you have to be thankful for every day in good and bad times? [Thankfulness for 31 days for salvation]
Notes: A- Daniel was praying in 539 BC the year the Medo-Persians conquered Babylon and knew both Cyrus and Darius. Cyrus gave permission apparently in 538 BC and the first Jews begin to prepare for the hazardous trip back to Jerusalem. The 70 years would have been up in 535 BC from Daniels capture and deportation to Babylon in 605 BC. All these dates are very approximate!
“Cyrus II (also known as Cyrus the great): 576–530 BC; Darius I (also known as Darius the great): 550–486BC. [note the overlap] Cyrus II and Darius I were both parts of the Achaemenid family dynasty. Darius was the second cousin once removed of Cyrus II — Cyrus’s great-grandfather Teispes was Darius’s great great grandfather. Darius was also Cyrus’s son-in-law as he married his daughter Atossa.” source
“Darius the Mede, Medo-Persian governor (“king”) of Babylonia under Cyrus the Great mentioned esp. in the sixth ch. of Daniel. Immediately following the death of “Belshazzar the Chaldean king” in Oct. 539 b.c., Darius the Mede is said to have “received the kingdom” (Daniel 5:31), probably having been made “king over the realm of the Chaldeans” (9:1) by Cyrus the Great (1:21; 6:28).” source