Acts 13:30-37.. 30 But God raised Him from the dead; 31 and for many days He appeared to those who came up with Him from Galilee to Jerusalem, the very ones who are now His witnesses to the people. 32 And we preach to you the good news of the promise made to the fathers, 33a that God has fulfilled this promise to our children in that He raised up Jesus,
Paul began by presenting the fact that many people had witnessed Jesus alive in the 40 days between His resurrection and ascension. Jesus’ resurrection from the grave was documented 14 times in Scripture written 40-69 AD and once more after 90 AD. The five underlined witnesses wrote 22 of the 27 books in the New Testament.
- Mary Magdalene: Mark 16:9; John 20:11-18
- Women returning from the tomb: Matthew 28:1, 9,10
- Peter later in the day: Luke 24:34; 1 Corinthians 15:5
- The Emmaus disciples: Luke 24:13-32
- The apostles without Thomas present: Luke 24:36-43; John 20:19-25
- The apostles with Thomas present: John 20:26-29
- The seven disciples by the Lake of Tiberias or Sea of Galilee: John 21:1-238.
- To 500+ believers 1 Corinthians 15:5-69.
- James half-brother of Jesus: 1 Corinthians 15:7
- To 11 disciples Peter, Andrew, James son of Zebedee, John, Philip, Thomas, Bartholomew, Matthew, James son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus & Simon : Matthew 28:16-20; Mark 16:14-18
- At the ascension: Acts 1:3-12; Luke 24:44-53
- Paul: Acts 9:3-6; 1 Corinthians 15:8;
- Stephen: Acts 7:55
- Paul in the temple: Acts 22:17-21 and in the barracks Acts 23:11
- John on Patmos: Revelation 1:10-19 [after 70 AD by eye-witness John]
The resurrection changed the lives of the witnesses: Ten of the original disciples died martyr’s deaths based on their absolute certainty of Jesus’ resurrection. Before the resurrection, these men fled in fear! Peter denied knowing Jesus 3 times outside the trial of Jesus. After the resurrection, “boldness unto death” seized their hearts. They were completely transformed by what they witnessed. A
Paul then turned to his audience of Jews by referring to the prophecies of the resurrection in the Old Testament and said God had fulfilled them in Jesus. These scriptures might be subject to interpretation by themselves but Paul inspired by God said they referred to the resurrection of Jesus. In v.33–Psalm 2:7; v.34–Isaiah 55:3; v.35–Psalm 16:10 and vv.35-36 Paul indicated that David did not fulfill the prophecy of Psalm 16:10b; after serving his generation; David died, was buried, and underwent decay, however the one who God raised up did not decay.
The eyewitnesses and the Old Testament Scriptures together give us confidence in the resurrection today.
Notes: A- For other proofs of the resurrection click here.
Henry Luke 12/8/2017
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