For the choir director. A Psalm of David, when Nathan the prophet came to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba.
Introduction: Timeline from DavidChronologyGross & BibleHub
Context: 1025 BC David is anointed by Samuel [1 Samuel 16]. 1024 BC David defeats Goliath probably at 15-17 years of age [1 Samuel 17]. David on the run from Saul. for 7 years from Saul [dates may differ slightly], 1010 BC David crowned king of Judah, 1003 BC David anointed king over all of Israel, 992 BC Davidic Covenant [2 Samuel 7:4-17] The Davidic Covenant establishes the perpetuity of the Davidic family -fulfilled in Christ- and of the Davidic kingdom, over Israel, and over the whole earth; to be fulfilled by Christ. 2 Samuel 7:4 & 16..4 But in the same night the word of the Lord came to Nathan, saying [to David]… 16 Your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever; your throne shall be established forever.
980 BC David a man promised an everlasting kingdom, while indulging his children and allowing his generals to run their own war, falls prey to the temptations of the flesh, of peace, and of plenty: he sleeps with Bathsheba. Then has Uriah killed in April. [2 Samuel 11] In December, Nathan confronts David and he repents [2 Samuel 12:1-13].
2 Samuel 12:7-9, 13-14 7 Nathan then said to David, “…Thus says the Lord God of Israel, ‘It is I who anointed you king over Israel and it is I who delivered you from the hand of Saul. 8 …I gave you the house of Israel and Judah; and if that had been too little, I would have added to you many more things like these! 9 Why have you despised the word of the Lord by doing evil in His sight? You have struck down Uriah the Hittite with the sword, have taken his wife to be your wife, …13 Then David said to Nathan, “I have sinned against the Lord.” And Nathan said to David, “The Lord also has taken away your sin; you shall not die. 14 However,…
David was forgiven but there would be consequences . The child dies [2 Samuel 12:14-23]. David wrote Psalm 51. Later, in contemplation David wrote Psalm 32 & Psalm 38. 970 BC David dies [1 Kings 2:10-12]
The sin of a man like David should be a warning to each disciple that we are in a daily spiritual battle in a war that will last the rest of our lives. Finish strong in the spiritual war by total surrender to the Triune God-the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.
Henry Luke 8/6/2017
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