Events of Passover week–God planned the events during Passover week to fulfill the O.T. scriptures in His active will and the Jews leaders had committed to kill Him in the permissive will of God [Isaiah 53, John 11:50].
[Before the arrest] Jesus observed last Passover with disciples. Judas went to betray Jesus. Jesus foretells Peter’s denials. In Gethsemane Jesus prayed for 3 hours while disciples slept “My Father, if it is possible , let this cup pass from Me; yet not as I will, but as You will.” Jesus went to meet the mob coming to arrest Him.
[about 12:00-1:00 am] The arrest of Jesus–The arrest was at night because the priests were afraid of the people. [Luke 2:2] He was taken based on the purchased testimony of Judas. The arresting party included the priests and elders which confirmed they had prejudged Jesus from the time of the death of Lazarus and He would not receive a fair trial [John 11:47-53, Matthew 26:47].
Trial #1: [1:30-2:00 am] They took him to the house of Annas the father-in-law of the High priest for a preliminary hearing at night. [John 18:12-13]. Annas sent Jesus to Caiaphas [John:18:14, 24]
Trial #2: [2:00-3:00 am] Then He was brought before Caiaphas during the night [Matthew 26:57-68] . All the proceedings at night were illegal under Jewish law. The Sanhedrin by law was not allowed to originate charges. They sought witnesses to justify putting Him to death but could find none to satisfy their charge of blasphemy. Under direct examination Jesus kept silent, but finally relented to answer the question “are you the Christ?” and Jesus said: “I am…” [Mark 14:61-62]. It was illegal to convict a person under the law of the Jews based on his own testimony. They convicted Him of blasphemy based on His uncorroborated testimony. [Matthew 26:57-68]
Trial #3: [5:00-6:00 am] In a attempt to follow the law of the Jews that forbid a trial being held at night the chief priests held another formal trial of Jesus in the morning. [Matthew 27:1-2; Mark 15:1] They broke another law of the Jews requiring a death penalty trial to take place over 2 days. They changed the verdict to treason against Rome and sent Jesus to Pilate for permission to crucify Him. They were in a hurry [John 19:31].
Trial #4: [6:00-7:00 am] Before Pilate the 1st time Jesus answered nothing. Pilate sends Jesus to Herod. [Luke 23:1-7]
Trial #5: [7:00-7:30 am] Trial by Herod [Luke 23:8-12]. Jesus again answered nothing, but the chief priest vehemently accused Jesus. After mocking Jesus, he sent Him back to Pilate.
Trial #6: [7:30-8:30 am] 2nd appearance before Pilate [Matthew 27:15-26] Pilate releases Barabbas instead of Jesus at the insistence of the Jews. vv. 15-18, 20-23. His wife said “Have nothing to do with that righteous Man; for last night I suffered greatly in a dream because of Him.” v.19″ ……….24 When Pilate saw that he was accomplishing nothing, but rather that a riot was starting, he took water and washed his hands in front of the crowd, saying, “I am innocent of this Man’s blood; see to that yourselves.” 25 And all the people said, “His blood shall be on us and on our children!” vv.24-25 and Pilate, “after having Jesus scourged, he handed Him over to be crucified. V.26
Henry Luke 5/16/2017