In 1461 BC God established seven Feasts that the people of Israel were to celebrate each year. The Isrealites were in the wilderness after the deliverance from Egypt.
These seven annual feasts of the Lord not only had spiritual value to the Israelites who observed them but also gave prophetic witness to God’s great redemptive work as it would unfold throughout history.
Seven Feasts of Leviticus 23.
- Passover, 2. Unleavened Bread, 3. Firstfruits, 4. Pentecost, 5. Trumpets, 6. Day of Atonement, 7. Tabernacles.
Feasts of the Lord
Order: Feast, References, description, Calvary & following is His Redemtive Work from Willmington’s Guide to the Bible p.76
Comments: (Leviticus 23:4—22) 1st 3 Feasts commemorated in 8 days; Nisan 14-21 Mar.-Apr.
1. Passover (Leviticus 23:4-5 & Exodus. 12:1-14;24-27;42-49 Matthew 26:17—20); The festival commemorated God’s deliverance of Israel from Egypt in 1461 BC; a picture of sacrifice of Christ; Testifies of the shedding of the blood of the Lamb of God, “Christ our passover sacrificed for us” (I Corinthians 5:7) Calvary. Nisan 14 Mar-Apr.
2. *Unleavened Bread (Leviticus 23:5–8 & Exodus 12:14-20); speaks of the Lord’s supper, which would be instituted by Him on the night of the Passover and would serve to remind His followers again and again to walk in communion with Him. “Therefore let us keep the feast,…with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth” (I Corinthians 5:8). Nisan 15—21 Mar.-Apr.
3. *Firstfruits (Leviticus 23:9—14); foreshadows the coming resurrection and restoration, “Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at His coming” (I Corinthians 15:23) Resurrection. Nisan 16 Mar.-Apr.
4. Pentecost (Harvest) (Leviticus 23:15-22; Deuteronomy 16:9-12); Descent of the Holy Spirit to form the church in Acts 2. It occurred on the fiftieth day after the Sabbath preceding the Feast of Firstfruits. This is precisely the period between the resurrection of Christ and the formation of the church at Pentecost by the baptism of the Holy Spirit. Coming of the Holy Spirit. Acts 2:1-4 Silvan 6 May-June;
Comments: (Leviticus 23:23–36) last 3 events were commemorated in Tishri 1-21 or Sept-Oct
5. Trumpets, (Leviticus 23:23-25; Numbers. 29:1—6); is separated by a longer period of time from the first four festivals and promises that someday “the Lord Himself shall descend from heaven…with the trump of God,” when “the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible” (I Thessalonians 4:16; I Corinthians 15:52). Rapture and 2nd Coming. Rosh Hashanah Tishri 1, 2 Sept.-Oct
6. Day of Atonement, (Leviticus 23:26—32; Hebrews. 9:7); testifies of the certain judgments to come–on Israel, on the nations, on believers and on the lost–when complete separation between unforgiven sinners and perfected saints will be established forever (note the two goats in Leviticus 16; vv.7-9 the Lord’s goat takes away the guilt of sin, v.10 scapegoat takes away the presence of sin; the chapter giving the details of this observance). Tribulation [Revelation 6-19]. Yom Kippur Tishri 10 Sept.-Oct.
7. *Tabernacles (Booths or Ingathering), (Leviticus 23:33-36; Nehemiah 8:13—18; John 7:2); this festival commemorated God’s deliverance, protection, and provision during the 40 years wilderness wanderings of the Exodus after deliverance from Egypt. The people lived in booths or huts made from limbs, remembering their wilderness experience.; speaks of the coming eternal rest in the Holy City, when “the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people” (Revelation 21:3). Millennium. Tishri 15—21 Sept-Oct.
Source: Leviticus 23 & Notes on feasts from Defenders Study Bible. click here
*Three major feasts for which all males of Israel were required to travel to the Tabernacle from 1445 BC to 959 BC or the Temple in Jerusalem from 959 BC to 70 AD (Exodus 23:14-19).
Seven Feasts of Leviticus 23 established in 1461 BC. 8 & 9 were added later.
8. Purim (Lots) Esther 9:18-32 Established 474 BC by Esther & Mordicai; Adar 14, 15 Feb-Mar.
9. Dedication (Lights), Hanukkah Established 165 BC; Chislev 25 (8 days) Nov.-Dec, John 10:22
Henry Luke revised 10/31/2017