A covenant is a binding arrangement between two or more parties which governs their relationship. The word “command” is introduced in Genesis 2:16. It is the first covenant in the Bible and was made by God as the Genesis or beginning of His agreement with the people He had created. It is God who makes the terms of the agreement. He is the Creator and man is the creature in God’s wonderful world. Consequently, God has the right or authority to determine the relationship between man and Himself. God didn’t ask for Adam’s advice. God simply gave Adam His commandment.
There are eight major covenants of special significance explaining God’s purposes with man:
1. Edenic Covenant (Genesis 2:15-17)
2. Adamic Covenant Promise of Redeemer (Genesis 3:15)
3. Noahic Covenant (Genesis 9:16-17)
4. Abrahamic Covenant (Genesis 12:1-3; 13:14-17; 17:1-8)The Abrahamic Covenant founds the nation of Israel, and confirms, with specific additions, the Adamic promise of redemption.
5. Mosaic Covenant (Exodus 19:1-8)
6. Palestinian Covenant (Deuteronomy 30:3; Ezekiel 37 & 39:25-26)
7. Davidic Covenant (2 Samuel 7:14-17) The Davidic Covenant establishes the perpetuity of the Davidic family (fulfilled in Christ) and of the Davidic kingdom, over Israel, and over the whole earth; to be fulfilled in and by Christ.
8. New Covenant (Jeremiah 31:31-34; Hebrews 8:8-13, Galatians 3:13-29) The New
Covenant rests upon the sacrifice of Christ, and secures the eternal blessedness, under the Abrahamic Covenant of all who believe. It is absolutely unconditional, and, since no responsibility is by it committed to man, it is final and irrevocable.
The difference between the first seven covenants of the Old Testament and the new covenant is expressed in the words of Jeremiah 31:34 and Hebrews 8:11. “They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest.” In the Old Testament there were special teachers who taught people the law of God. But in the new covenant, the new agreement, we have a Teacher living in our hearts. When we are saved God comes into our lives in the Person of the Holy Spirit and He, Jesus says, will teach us all things. That doesn’t mean we don’t need human teachers and we can’t learn from them; rather it means we are not dependent them. The blessed Holy Spirit, the Resident Teacher, is on the job all the time. This new covenant is based on forgiveness. “For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will remember no more” (Hebrews 8:12). (Dr. Jerry Vines, The Believers Guide to Hebrews, page 118). In addition to the Holy Spirit in our hearts, God speaks to us in the complete Bible which we have in our language and can read for ourselves.
In Hebrews 9:13-22, Jesus is the Mediator of the new covenant. By His death He put the new covenant into force. When He arose, He became the Personal Representative/Executor who was appointed to carry out the terms of this New Covenant of Christ to believers, to assure their receipt of all that inheritance He intended to be given to them as the Mediator.
Christ Himself is our Personal Representative/Executor! He is not dead! He is risen! No other need be appointed to carry out His last will and covenant! He will do it Himself. No other is qualified! It is Christ who is risen and is prepared to execute all the terms of His covenant, precisely, as he intends it! The inheritance, which is reserved in heaven, will be delivered by Him to each believer as promised and intended. His death binds Him to His bequests made, and He’s alive forever to give it His full effect — without change, alteration, or revocation.
Four essential elements govern our relationship with God through the new covenant “sealed in the blood of Christ.”
First, we are to receive it. We are to accept the covenant in the shed blood of the Lord Jesus Christ “by faith” and appropriate the forgiveness of His shed blood. By this act of faith, Christ comes to live “in our hearts by faith.”
Second, we are to proclaim it. Having secured the new covenant in the shedding of His
blood, Jesus commands, “Go into all the world…and make disciples.”
Third, we are to live it. The act of salvation, receiving Christ or justification, brings about the miracle of the word expressed by the Apostle Paul, “Christ in you, the hope of glory.” Christ is present in the believer by the indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit.
Fourth, we must nourish it. The fruit of the indwelling presence of Christ and the power of the Holy Spirit is a transformed life. We call this sanctification. By the Word of God, applied by the presence of the Holy Spirit, the believer enjoys the blessings of security and perseverance in this life and future glory in heaven called glorification.
Source: One2Won For Women Session 11 P. 59